The orchid is a unique flower that grows on all continents, and the roots of its history go back to the distant past.
In ancient times, flower connoisseurs could enjoy the beauty of an orchid only in tropical forests, and today this flower feels great as a houseplant, in particular, the Beauty variety.
In this article, you will learn everything about the history of this variety, the peculiarities of its appearance, as well as all the intricacies of home care.
History of origin, origin and place of residence
Beauty Orchid belongs to the genus Phalaenopsis - epiphytic herbaceous plants from the Orchid family. The history of this plant goes back a long way.
For the first time this species was discovered by the German botanist Karl Ludwig Blume, during his travels through the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. In the dim light of the setting sun, he first mistook orchid flowers for moths. Since then, they began to study and breed Phalaenopsis orchids, which means "similar to a butterfly."
Reference! Over time, as a result of numerous experiments and crosses, the Beauty variety was bred, adapted to our climate and temperature regime. The name of the variety, translated from English, means “beauty”, “beautiful”.
Description of appearance and photo
The Beauty Orchid has a dense rosette of wide leaves with a glossy surface. The leaves themselves are quite tough and have a dark green, rich color. Aerial roots and peduncles grow from the axils of the leaves.
This variety is distinguished by abundant flowering. The most uncomplicated shades, shape and delicate aroma will delight every connoisseur of flowers. A number of flowers are located on thin and long peduncle stems. Each flower has 5 large outer petals and 3 small inner ones. Look at the photo of the flower:
What is the difference from other species?
The main a distinctive feature of the plants of the Beauty variety is their endurance and unpretentiousness. Such flowers easily adapt to any habitat, feel great at home. The Beauty Orchid is also fairly easy to propagate. With proper care, this flower produces many buds and has a lush, long-lasting flowering of up to 2-3 months.
This orchid got its name from the bright yellow color of its petals. Golden in translation from English is golden. Its dense leaves are bright green in color and reach 15 cm in length.
The flowers themselves are golden in color with slightly noticeable purple veins and a bright pink curly lip. The peduncle grows up to 50 cm, and the diameter of one flower can reach 10 cm. In general, this variety is very fond of light, warmth and humidity.
One of the most popular orchid varieties. It has erect stems and tough, deep green leaves. Its flowers have an interesting variegated color: from pale lilac at the edges to deep pink closer to the center. Each flower has a symmetrical pattern of small spots.
This variety is distinguished by the presence of voluminous aerial roots. The height of the peduncles reaches 60 cm. The flowers themselves have a delicate lilac hue. The flowering period of Wanda Blue lasts about two months, and sometimes this variety can bloom several times a year.
When and how does it happen?
Usually, Beauty orchids bloom for several months in a row at any time of the year. But, most often flowers appear in the autumn-winter period. For indoor plants, flowering begins in late autumn. Flowers are arranged on the stem in the form of a vertical row and successively replace each other as they bloom.
After a long flowering period, a dormant period begins, when the orchid recovers its strength in order to bloom again next year.
Even before flowering, when the orchid is dormant, it is especially important to pay attention to watering and additional feeding. Position the plant so that it has enough light and warmth throughout the day.
Immediately after the flowering phase has ended, it is recommended to cut the peduncle. This is necessary in order to stop the flow of juices and nutrients into the faded stem. To determine the location of the cut, you need to find a "dormant" bud and move 2-3 cm away from it. It is better to treat the bud itself with any means that promotes accelerated growth, then the new flowering phase will come faster.
What if it doesn't bloom?
For the flowering of the Beauty orchid, the temperature regime is very important.
If your plant does not bloom in any way, you can make additional stimulation. To do this, you need to dry the roots a little:
- Reduce the frequency and volume of watering by 1–2 weeks to allow excess moisture to escape from the roots.
- You should also lower the air temperature to 13 degrees. To do this, you can put the orchid pot on the insulated balcony or cool the air in the room using an air conditioner.
Attention! Be careful not to overcool the plant. Excessive exposure to cold can kill it.
Step by step instructions for home care
The Beauty orchid variety is very photophilous, so it is better for it to choose a place with good diffused light, avoiding direct sunlight.
Preparing the soil and pot
It is important to pay attention to the substrate before planting it in a pot. It should be loose so that air and water can easily penetrate into it. The ideal soil for the Beauty Orchid is a mixture of small pieces of bark, charcoal and peat moss in a ratio of 3: 3: 1.
To prevent root decay, a so-called drainage base is also added to the substrate, which consists of shells, small particles of pebbles and rubble.
Not only the leaves and stems of the orchid love light, the roots also need good lighting and heating. Therefore, it is best to choose a transparent pot. Plastic or glass containers are great. Make sure to make drainage holes in the sides of the pot and at the bottom before planting.
Phalaenopsis Beauty loves warmth. The optimum air temperature for this plant is 20-25 ° C. This is exactly the thermometer mark that is usually kept in the apartment. However, there are also dangerous factors - air conditioning and drafts. If you want to cool the room, move the orchid to another room during this time.
In the hot season, Beauty is able to withstand air temperatures up to 32 ° C, if provided with abundant watering.
The homeland of the orchid is tropical forests. Therefore, this flower feels most comfortable at high humidity, from 60 to 70%. To provide the necessary microclimate at home, you need to spray the flower with a spray bottle 3-4 times a week.
Note that for this it is better to use well-settled water at room temperature.
It is very important to provide the orchid with intense, but diffused lighting:
- During the warm season it is better to remove the flower from the windowsill so that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
- In winter time, when daylight hours are much shorter, and the sunlight becomes less harsh, it is better to rearrange the orchid pots on the windowsill on the south side of the house.
If this is not possible, use special phytolamps to extend the daylight hours for the plant.
The orchid requires regular watering. To determine the frequency of watering, you need to focus on the surface of the soil in the pot.
If it seems dry, water the plant with small amounts of water. In case of oversaturation, the roots may start to rot.
Important! If this still happens, carefully remove the plant from the pot along with the root system and cut off the rotten roots. Then replace the substrate with a dry one and re-place the orchid in the pot.
In the case of a transparent pot, there is a much easier way to hydrate your orchid. Place the container in a container of water for 10-15 minutes. Then the roots themselves will take in the required amount of water, saving you from the risk of flooding the flower.
The best option for feeding an orchid is complex mineral fertilizers. It is better to fertilize from spring to autumn, when the plant is gaining strength for winter flowering:
- in early spring - nitrogen fertilizers for the growth of the stem and leaves;
- in summer - potash and phosphate fertilizers.
Highly it is important to strictly observe the fertilizer dosage indicated on the package. Top dressing is best combined with watering so as not to burn the plant roots.
An orchid of any variety requires a regular transplant, once every 2-4 years. This must be done because the root system and the flower itself grow out of the volume of their first pot. Another reason for replanting is that over time the soil components are destroyed, it becomes less porous and makes it difficult for air and water to access.
The transplant is best done during the dormant period of the plant, when the flowering phase is over. Then the orchid is carefully taken out of the pot, the roots are shaken off from the adhering soil and placed in a new, larger pot, with a newly prepared substrate.
How to propagate?
There are several ways to reproduce orchids at home. Can:
- carefully separate the bulbs;
- grow a new plant from a stalk or peduncle;
- and also propagate by children.
It is best to start breeding immediately after flowering.
For Phalaenopsis Beauty the vegetative method or reproduction by children is best suited.
In the first case, you need:
- choose a healthy large orchid, make a cut with a clean knife along the peduncle and across, to the upper "dormant" bud;
- sprinkle the wound with charcoal or cover it with a special paste;
- We transplant a new shoot with a root into a small greenhouse with a peat substrate and stop watering for several days.
In the second case, we separate the sprout that has independently appeared on the stem and transplant it into a separate small pot according to the standard rules for planting orchids.
Diseases and pests
- The most common pests among phalaenopsis are spider mites. If you notice that the stems and leaves of the plant are entangled with a thin cobweb, place it under a warm shower, and then spray it with phytoverm or actofit 3-4 times at intervals of 8 days.
- As for the root system, a bulb mite can start in it, which eats up the bases of the shoots, preventing the plant from developing. In this situation, it is necessary to transplant the orchid into a new pot with fresh soil, after cutting off the infected roots.
- Due to the moisture-loving nature of the orchid, the problem of rotting of the roots and interleaf sinuses is quite common. To avoid such cases, do not over-water and keep the pot in a well-lit place. If the roots have already begun to rot, transplant the orchid in the manner described above.
Prevention of various problems
To prevent all sorts of problems in the orchid, you should adhere to the following rules:
- Observe the temperature regime, avoid overheating from direct sunlight and hypothermia from drafts.
- When transplanting or propagating, treat pots and tools with an antiseptic.
- To prevent diseases, wipe the leaves with coniferous extract (20 - 25 g per 1 liter of water).
- Water the flower only when the surface of the ground is dry.
The Beauty Orchid is a gorgeous flower that every gardener will definitely appreciate. With proper care and adherence to all the rules of care, transplantation and reproduction, this plant will delight you with lush and long flowering.